History of Paris-Brest-Paris
- In the first long cycle race, the 600km Bordeaux-Paris, the British unexpectedly took the first three places by riding without rest, G P Mills being the winner in under 27 hours. The event made a great impression on the French public.
Later that year, Pierre Giffard promoted the 1200km Paris-Brest-Paris to demonstrate the practicality of the bicycle. Cycles were sealed at the start to ensure riders used the same machine throughout and entries from foreign riders and women were refused. 207 cyclists started on September 6th, including 10 tricycles, 2 tandems and an ordinary - believed to be the only one to complete the PBP so far, ridden by M. Duval. Both amateurs and professionals took part, the pros employing crews to carry their gear and 10 pacers each. Charles Terront won, riding without sleep for 71h 22m, and 99 riders finished, some taking several days having stopped at inns overnight.
In the following years the Bordeaux-Paris was held annually. Inaugural Vienne-Berlin, Liege-Bastogne-Liege, Rennes-Brest, Spa-Bastogne-Spa, Geneve-Berne, Milan-Turin, Paris-Besancon, Lyon-Paris-Lyon and Paris-Roubaix took place.
- Henri Desgranges divided the entry into ‘coureurs de vitesse’, professional road racers, and ‘touristes routiers’, hard riding tourists, with prizes of 10,000F for the former and 2,000 for the latter. At 0453 on 16th August the 41 pros started, followed 17 minutes later by the touristes routiers. Garin won in 52h 11m and Rosiere was the first tourist back in 62h 26m. 72 tourists finished, including 65 year old Rousset who took 202 hours.
The PBP was held every 10 years since the distance was so great that the pros could not adequately train for PBP and conventional road races. In 1903 Henri Desgranges organised the first Tour de France using stages which allowed the riders to rest. This event was to supplant the PBP as the premier road race.
- The rules were changed to ban pacers and assistance to riders between controls. The pros changed their tactics and stayed together in a pack to Brest. 13 coureurs de vitesse and 120 touristes routiers took part, the winner being Georget in a time of 50h 13m. The first tourist back was Heusghen, who was then disqualified for receiving help en route leaving Ringeval and Garin (the 1901 pro) with the best times in that category.
- On September 2nd 43 pros and 63 touristes routiers started the event. The number of secret controls had been increased. Mottiat won in 55h 07m and the eighth place went to the tourist Ernest Paul, who had ridden as a pro in 1911, with a 62 hour time.
- Twenty-eight pros and over 100 tourists entered. The touristes routiers were, for the first time, given a 90 hour limit, called ‘randonneurs’, and divided into the ‘allure libre’ administered by Audax Club Parisien and ‘audax’ riders administered by the Union des Audax Cyclistes Parisiens. The Australian, Hubert Opperman won in 49h 23m and the first randonneurs were Tranchant, Cottard and Ruard with a time of 68h 30m. Four women finished on mixed tandems (Danis, Pitard, Gorgeon and Du Bois) and Mlle Vassard became the first solo woman to complete the PBP. The Pitards were also to ride in 1948 and 1951.
- 1948, 1951, 1956, 1961
- In 1948 52 pros, all team members, started but only 11 finished. Hendrickx won in a time of 41h 36m 42s.
A Frenchman domiciled in London, René Menziès, completed PBP as a randonneur in both 1948 and 1951.
In 1951 only 41 pros in 10 teams entered and Diot won in 38h55m, the alltime record. The first randonneurs were Coutelier and Chetiveau. A British tandem pair entered, but did not ride.
The event was calendared as a professional race in 1956 and 1961 but cancelled due to lack of interest. The randonneurs, however, rode as usual with Baumann finishing first in 1956 with 52h 19m and Fouace in 1961 with 49h 15m.
- The first Briton, Barry Parslow, also the first randonneur on trike, rode in 1966. The fastest time that year was 44h 21m.
- The last year, until the centenary, shared by audax and allure libre randonneurs. 330 audax riders, split into 17 groups, started 4 days before the main PBP at 0400 and all finished inside 90 hours. The 328 randonneurs set off with a massed start at 1600 on Monday September 6th. The British riders were George Davis, Barry Parslow not on trike, the frame had broken - Colin Philips and Jock Wadley. (Seven cyclists finished the audax PBP and started again the next afternoon as randonneurs, Plaine doing this second trip in 55h 42m.) There was a record to Brest, 20h 26m, from Bonny, and first back was the Belgian Herman de Munck in 45h 39m., the first woman being Simone Astie with 79h 38.
- The randonneur event was now every 4 years, the audax riders retaining the 5 year interval. This was the first time that qualifications were required (a 600k ridden that year) and the last PBP to be run mainly on main roads as, tragically, two riders were killed. There were 714 starters, of whom 19 were British. First back were De Munck and 2 French riders, Cohen and Truchi, in 43h 27m, and the first women were Chantal de la Cruz and Nicole Chabriand with a 57 hour time. Steve Nicholas gives a detailed account of the British riders in his article reproduced in Arrivée number 20, New Year 1988.
- The entry qualification became a full Super Randonneur series. 1766 riders started and the start time was split with the 90 hour riders off at 4.00am. 1573 finished, including 49 British. AUK was awarded the George Navet Trophy for the club with the largest number of brevets de randonneur registered with ACP and the Coupe de la Ville de Paris for the club with the most finishers. First back were Piguet and Baleydier in under 45h.
- The 10th PBP randonnée. 2106 started and 1903, including 77 British, finished. AUK was awarded the Challenge ACP for the club with the greatest number of brevets de randonneurs and the Coupe de Madame le Ministre du Temps Libre, Jeunesse et Sports for the club with the greatest number of finishers under 25 years of age (12) and over 55 (3). AUK’s Paul Castle had a successful ride but died shortly afterwards in a road accident while riding back to the coast. First in were the Belgian, De Munck, and France’s Bernard Piguet with under 44 hours. The first woman was American Sue Notorangelo, setting the women’s record at 54h 40m. In all 15 countries took part.
- 2597 started and 2117 finished, including 94 British. AUK was awarded the Coupe de Monsieur le Secrétaire d’Etat a la Jeunesse et aux Sports for the greatest numbers of finishers under 25 and over 55 years of age (15), AUK South the Coupe de la Fédération Sportive et Culturelle de France for having a large number of finishers, AUK South West the Coupe Bulte-Detee for having the most tandem riders (2), Willesden CC the Coupe Diversey France for being the English club, outside AUK, with the greatest number of finishers, AUK’s Debbie Llewellyn was presented with a watch for being the youngest rider, and AUK South East were given one of the Fanions de la Ville de Brest. AUK’s Barry Parslow and Mark Brooking became the first riders to complete the PBP on tandem trike, with an 83 hour time, and Fliss Beard the first woman to complete PBP on solo trike, with a 70 hour time. First back was American Scott Dickson, just over 44 hours.
- The Centenary edition, once again audax and allure libre riders shared the road. 3281 randonneurs started and about 2500 finished, including 149 British. The new venue at St Quentin-en-Yvelines, SW of Paris, was popular but a high abandonment was blamed on later start times of 20.00, 22.00, and 05.00, compounded by a compulsory afternoon “Prologue” into Paris. Peter Gifford and Noel Simpson lowered the tandem trike record to 81h06 and Mick Potts was the first rider back with a saddlebag, his 52h 42 time and 25th overall placing being a British best. Nicole Chabriand of France was first woman back in 59h 43 and Scott Dickson again first in 43h 42.
- The 13th PBP randonnée, with a slightly reduced entry, though overseas interest increased and 181 British finished.Two significant changes in the regulations - tri-bars were banned, while the rule requiring mudguards was removed. Benign weather conditions saw a group of nine finish in 43h 20, a randonneur record. The women’s record was demolished when Brigitte Kerlouet came in shortly after the leaders in 44h 14. Willesden CC took the ladies’ team prize, Suzie Gray lowered the British best time by a female rider to 59h14, while Anne Learmonth became the first woman to complete the PBP on a fixed-wheel machine. Mark Brooking regained the tandem trike record, this time with Richard Hull in 75h 51, while Peter Gifford and Noel Simpson set a standard of 88h10 on a recumbent tandem trike. Audax Ecosse was awarded one of five “Medailles de la Ville de Paris” as one of the clubs with no DNFs.
- Saw a record number of riders from 28 countries. 3573 started, of which 17% abandoned.
Though British riders were amongst the slowest, with an average finish time of 82h 37, 303 out of 335
riders finished, a 90.4% success rate, which reflects the AUK self-sufficiency ethos. The course was
recognised as over-distance and an extra two hours allowed. First back were two Frenchmen, Deplay and
Bocquet in 44h 22m. First woman, American, Melinda Lyon in 53h plus. Two French male tandems set a
new record of 46h 23m. Adrian Harris, British, and Jodi Groesbeck, American, set a new mixed tandem
record of 49h 03m. First solo Briton back was Richie Tout in 54hrs plus - riding without support. The
youngest rider was AUK’s Vicki Brown, who won the coveted ACP award. Sheila Tinker received ACP’s
Simone Rebour trophy for the “least young” lady finisher of the event.
- Another record field, 4069 started and 14.8% abandoned. A group of 6 riders were awarded the time of 44h 40, after time penalties, from a group of 18 who had arrived at Brest in 19h55. Alpo Kuusisto of Finland rode successfully on a kick scooter. Of British riders, 346 started and 303 finished. Gethin Butler was the first ever to go sub-50 hours, his time 49h16. Jim Hopper, Karl Hrouda and Sheila Simpson became the only British riders to have completed 6 PBPs, finally passing Barry Parslow who had become the most prolific British rider in 1971, although another AUK member, Richard Leon, completed his 7th PBP. AUK supplied the youngest female rider, Chloe Williams. Drew Buck, Nigel Winter and Steve Abraham rode a triplet to finish in 88h10m.
- The first to use an online entry form - and 5312 entered. 152 did not start, 1429 did not finish and 129 finished out of time, the percentage of those abandoning being 27.7%. There were 4958 male entrants and 354 female, the average male age being 49 and the average female 45. 275 AUK riders finished, the youngest rider being Philip Norman who celebrated his 19th birthday during the event. Great Britain received an award for coming third in the ACP Challenge, AUK as the club with the most finishers. Audax Ecosse and Cardiff Byways received “Coupes de la Commission P B P 2007” as the clubs with most finishers without DNFs (14 and 8 respectively), Sheila Simpson an award for being the first non-French woman to complete 7 PBPs and Drew Buck an award for “originality.”
- 5225 entered, 5002 started, 4068 finished including 322 AUK members, a record number. John Barkman was the first AUK finisher and Emma Dixon and Judith Swallow the first AUK female finishers. The youngest AUK to finish was Adam Kinsey aged 24. Jim Hopper became the only British rider to complete 8 PBPs.
- Another new record, with over 6000 entrants from 65 countries. There were 401 AUK members among the 4610 finishers.